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Earth Surface Dynamics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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ESurf | Articles | Volume 6, issue 4
Earth Surf. Dynam., 6, 883–901, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-6-883-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Earth Surf. Dynam., 6, 883–901, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-6-883-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 09 Oct 2018

Research article | 09 Oct 2018

Morphological effects of vegetation on the tidal–fluvial transition in Holocene estuaries

Ivar R. Lokhorst et al.

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Cited articles

Allen, J.: A continuity-based sedimentological model for temperate-zone tidal salt marshes, J. Geol. Soc., 151, 41–49, 1994. a
Aubrey, D. and Speer, P.: A study of non-linear tidal propagation in shallow inlet/estuarine systems Part I: Observations, Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci., 21, 185–205, 1985. a
Balke, T., Webb, E. L., den Elzen, E., Galli, D., Herman, P. M., and Bouma, T. J.: Seedling establishment in a dynamic sedimentary environment: a conceptual framework using mangroves, J. Appl. Ecol., 50, 740–747, 2013. a
Baptist, M., Babovic, V., Rodríguez Uthurburu, J., Keijzer, M., Uittenbogaard, R., Mynett, A., and Verwey, A.: On inducing equations for vegetation resistance, J. Hydraul. Res., 45, 435–450, 2007. a, b
Bouma, T., Vries, M. D., Low, E., Kusters, L., Herman, P., Tanczos, I., Temmerman, S., Hesselink, A., Meire, P., and Van Regenmortel, S.: Flow hydrodynamics on a mudflat and in salt marsh vegetation: identifying general relationships for habitat characterisations, Hydrobiologia, 540, 259–274, 2005. a
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In estuaries, mud sedimentation enhances salt marsh accretion. Here we explore system-scale effects of plants and mud on planform shape and size of estuaries. We coupled Delft3D for hydromorphodynamics with our vegetation model and ran controls for comparison. Effects are greatest at the fluvial–tidal transition, where for the first time in a model, a bedload convergence zone formed. Regardless of local vegetation effects, mud and vegetation cause gradual filling of estuaries over time.
In estuaries, mud sedimentation enhances salt marsh accretion. Here we explore system-scale...
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