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ESurf | Articles | Volume 7, issue 1
Earth Surf. Dynam., 7, 107-128, 2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Earth Surf. Dynam., 7, 107-128, 2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 25 Jan 2019

Research article | 25 Jan 2019

Long-term erosion of the Nepal Himalayas by bedrock landsliding: the role of monsoons, earthquakes and giant landslides

Odin Marc et al.
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Seismic and geologic controls on spatial clustering of landslides in three large earthquakes
Claire Rault, Alexandra Robert, Odin Marc, Niels Hovius, and Patrick Meunier
Earth Surf. Dynam. Discuss.,,, 2018
Manuscript under review for ESurf
Initial insights from a global database of rainfall-induced landslide inventories: the weak influence of slope and strong influence of total storm rainfall
Odin Marc, André Stumpf, Jean-Philippe Malet, Marielle Gosset, Taro Uchida, and Shou-Hao Chiang
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Prediction of the area affected by earthquake-induced landsliding based on seismological parameters
Odin Marc, Patrick Meunier, and Niels Hovius
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 1159-1175,,, 2017
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Oxidation of sulfides and rapid weathering in recent landslides
Robert Emberson, Niels Hovius, Albert Galy, and Odin Marc
Earth Surf. Dynam., 4, 727-742,,, 2016
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Amalgamation in landslide maps: effects and automatic detection
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Related subject area  
Physical: Geomorphology (including all aspects of fluvial, coastal, aeolian, hillslope and glacial geomorphology)
Evaluating post-glacial bedrock erosion and surface exposure duration by coupling in situ optically stimulated luminescence and 10Be dating
Benjamin Lehmann, Frédéric Herman, Pierre G. Valla, Georgina E. King, and Rabiul H. Biswas
Earth Surf. Dynam., 7, 633-662,,, 2019
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Alluvial channel response to environmental perturbations: fill-terrace formation and sediment-signal disruption
Stefanie Tofelde, Sara Savi, Andrew D. Wickert, Aaron Bufe, and Taylor F. Schildgen
Earth Surf. Dynam., 7, 609-631,,, 2019
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A coupled soilscape–landform evolution model: model formulation and initial results
W. D. Dimuth P. Welivitiya, Garry R. Willgoose, and Greg R. Hancock
Earth Surf. Dynam., 7, 591-607,,, 2019
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Spatial and temporal patterns of sediment storage and erosion following a wildfire and extreme flood
Daniel J. Brogan, Peter A. Nelson, and Lee H. MacDonald
Earth Surf. Dynam., 7, 563-590,,, 2019
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An index concentration method for suspended load monitoring in large rivers of the Amazonian foreland
William Santini, Benoît Camenen, Jérôme Le Coz, Philippe Vauchel, Jean-Loup Guyot, Waldo Lavado, Jorge Carranza, Marco A. Paredes, Jhonatan J. Pérez Arévalo, Nore Arévalo, Raul Espinoza Villar, Frédéric Julien, and Jean-Michel Martinez
Earth Surf. Dynam., 7, 515-536,,, 2019
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Cited articles  
Abrahami, R., van der Beek, P., Huyghe, P., Hardwick, E., and Carcaillet, J.: Decoupling of long-term exhumation and short-term erosion rates in the Sikkim Himalaya, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 433, 76–88,, 2016. 
Ali, K. F. and De Boer, D. H.: Spatial patterns and variation of sus-pended sediment yield in the upper Indus River basin, northern Pakistan, J. Hydrol., 334, 368–387, 2007. 
Andermann, C., Crave, A., Gloaguen, R., Davy, P., and Bonnet, S.: Connecting source and transport: Suspended sediments in the Nepal Himalayas, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 351–352, 158–170,, 2012. 
Avouac, J.-P.: From Geodetic Imaging of Seismic and Aseismic Fault Slip to Dynamic Modeling of the Seismic Cycle, Annu. Rev. Earth Pl. Sc., 43, 233–271,, 2015. 
Avouac, J.-P., Meng, L., Wei, S., Wang, T., and Ampuero, J.-P.: Lower edge of locked Main Himalayan Thrust unzipped by the 2015 Gorkha earthquake, Nat. Geosci., 8, p. 708,, 2015. 
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
We mapped eight monsoon-related (> 100 m2) and large (> 0.1 km2) landslides in the Nepal Himalayas since 1970. Adding inventories of Holocene landslides, giant landslides (> 1 km3), and landslides from the 2015 Gorkha earthquake, we constrain the size–frequency distribution of monsoon- and earthquake-induced landslides. Both contribute ~50 % to a long-term (> 10 kyr) total erosion of ~2 mm yr-1, matching the long-term exhumation rate. Large landslides rarer than 10Be sampling time drive erosion.
We mapped eight monsoon-related ( 100 m2) and large ( 0.1 km2) landslides in the Nepal Himalayas...