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Earth Surface Dynamics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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ESurf | Articles | Volume 7, issue 4
Earth Surf. Dynam., 7, 895–910, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-7-895-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Earth Surf. Dynam., 7, 895–910, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-7-895-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 01 Oct 2019

Research article | 01 Oct 2019

Mapping landscape connectivity as a driver of species richness under tectonic and climatic forcing

Tristan Salles et al.
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Ali, J. R. and Aitchison, J. C.: Exploring the combined role of eustasy and oceanic island thermal subsidence in shaping biodiversity on the Galápagos, J. Biogeogr., 41, 1227–1241, https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12313, 2014. a, b
Anders, A. M., Roe, G. H., Montgomery, D. R., and Hallet, B.: Influence of precipitation phase on the form of mountain ranges, Geology, 36, 479–482, https://doi.org/10.1130/G24821A.1, 2008. a, b, c
Badgley, C.: Tectonics, topography, and mammalian diversity, Ecography, 33, 220–231, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.2010.06282.x, 2010. a
Barnes, R. and Lehman, M.: Priority-Flood: An Optimal Depression-Filling and Watershed-Labeling Algorithm for Digital Elevation Models, Comput. Geosci., 62, 117–127, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cageo.2013.04.024, 2013. a
Bertuzzo, E., Rodriguez‐Iturbe, I., and Rinaldo, A.: Metapopulation capacity of evolving fluvial landscapes, Water Resour. Res., 51, 2696–2706, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015WR016946, 2015. a
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Mountainous landscapes have long been recognized as potential drivers for genetic drift, speciation, and ecological resilience. We present a novel approach that can be used to assess and quantify drivers of biodiversity, speciation, and endemism over geological time. Using coupled climate–landscape models, we show that biodiversity under tectonic and climatic forcing relates to landscape dynamics and that landscape complexity drives species richness through orogenic history.
Mountainous landscapes have long been recognized as potential drivers for genetic drift,...
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